iranian military exemption card

The Baij total force had increased to about 600,000 by 2019. The duration of compulsory military service ranges from 18 to 24 months, depending on the geographical location of the conscript service. Sources indicate that students can postpone their military service (Al-Monitor 19 Dec. 2013; IHRDC 7 Nov. 2013). On 30 June 2009, Press TV, Iran's first international news network that broadcasts in English (Press TV n.d.), reported that a bill, which was to be enforced in 2011, would reduce military service by 2 to 10 months for conscripts with university degrees (Press TV 30 June 2009). By Military card for Turkish applicants are not required. You will not be able to access U.S. or foreign bank accounts using . Visa Classification: The type of nonimmigrant visa you are applying for. Human Rights Watch indicates that in order to "prove" their sexual orientation or gender identity, men must undergo "numerous" "humiliating" physical and psychological tests and exams, which may be costly, and they may also encounter administrative barriers, such as "few doctors" to perform such tests and doctors that refuse to perform them without parental accompaniment (Dec. 2010, 24-26). The law, however, provides exemptions in certain circumstances. Country of Origin Information Report. 2014). If lost then the applicant should apply for a duplicate shenasnameh. "M" means multiple times. Few draft dodgers, if any, were sent to jail; the normal procedure was to fine them the equivalent of US$75 (1986 exchange rate). The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook indicates that the military branches in Iran in 2011 consisted of the, Islamic Republic of Iran Regular Forces (Artesh): Ground Forces, Navy, Air Force (IRIAF), Khatemolanbia Air Defense Headquarters; Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (Sepah-e Pasdaran-e Enqelab-e Eslami, IRGC): Ground Resistance Forces, Navy, Aerospace Force, Quds Force (special operations); Law Enforcement Forces. "Iran Intends to Extend Duration of Military Service - Commander." V-2 and V-3 status is limited to persons who have not yet attained their 21st birthday. If you are exempt from the service please provide a copy and certified English translation of your military service exemption card. Nevertheless, most of these exemptions are only valid in peacetime and those carrying an exemption card are required to report for duty if there is wartime mobilization. [Accessed 25 Mar. The Main Representative to the UN for the International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR), a Netherlands-based organization founded in 1914 that is "against war and its preparation" with "branches, affiliates and groups in more than 40 countries" who has been monitoring issues of military service and conscientious objection worldwide with a view to reporting [and] briefing treaty bodies and other UN mechanisms and procedures indicated that "there are no provisions for alternate service" in Iran. The Iranian and Iraqi "TD" is no fee with one entry over a period of 3 months. "Iran May Increase Compulsory Military Service by Three Months." IranSource The old version presents the spouses information on the top half of two facing pages, with the childrens information on the bottom half of the same pages. Allowing such people to travel to the United States can also be an effective tool to counter the propaganda of the Islamic Republic, which positions the US as the enemy of Iranians. Registration Criteria:Proof of Iranian citizenship. After completing basic training outside of Semnan Air Defense Base, I received some mediocre training as a member of the military police and mostly did office work. I know this rules but since 2019 there is no possibility anymore to buy your military service off ! New versions have a brown cover for adults, photo, digital biodata, and stronger security features; and a dark green cover without photo for minor children under 15. Certified Copies Available:Not available. The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) had an estimated 125,000 active personnel in 2007. Thousands of Iranians attend a funeral for 150 Iran-Iraq war (1980-88) unknown Martyrs that have found by the Iranian Martyrs investigation group in the war main field 34-years after a ceasefire between Iran and Iraq in 1988. I am from Iranian descent and I left/ fled Iran about 10 years ago when I was around 20 years old. The total period of service is twenty-five years, divided as follows: two years of active military service, six years in standby military service for draftees, then eight years in first-stage reserve and nine years in second-stage reserve. For those who live in the country, paying to avoid military service has not always been offered" (Al-Monitor 19 Dec. 2013). . N.d.a. Absence without leave for more than 15 days without a valid reason is punishable by six months' to two years' imprisonment and/or 12 months extension of military service. A copy of the military regulations governing medical exemptions in Iran could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. Sina Azodi and Mohsen Solhdoost. [Accessed 3 Mar. The new digital version contains the individual's national ID number (also found on the right-hand side of the passport biodata page) and a bar code. Sign up to receive expert analyses from our community on the most important global issues, rapid insights on events as they unfold, and highlights of the Council's best work. Diplomatic relations with Iran were severed on April 7, 1980. There's no guarantee she will issue you a visa even if you're able to do so. Sources indicate that the duration of compulsory military service ranges from 18 to 24 months (BBC 26 Dec. 2013; Al-Monitor 19 Dec. 2013). : 2161 In addition to marriages and divorces having their own documentation, the information should also be recorded in both parties' shenasnameh (birth certificate) documents. 2012). "Iran: Transgender People Are No Longer Classified as 'Mentally Sick'." Example: John Doe is a national of the country of Z that has an E-1/E-2 treaty with the U.S. His wife and child are nationals of the country of Y which has no treaty with the U.S. Once an individual is deemed exempt, they are issued a military exemption card, which identifies the reasons for their exemption. People who refuse military service cannot get a passport. Meanwhile, the new categorization still identifies both homosexuality and transsexuality as a form of mental disorder. Therefore, all Mexican "TN"s and both Mexican and non-Mexican national "TD"s accompanying or following to join them who are not otherwise exempt from the visa requirement (e.g., the Canadian spouse of a Mexican national "TN") must obtain nonimmigrant visas. What used to be a shadow war of covert operations, sabotage, and proxy conflict is turning into a more direct military confrontation between the long-time regional adversaries. N.d. "IFOR - International Fellowship of Reconciliation." 2014], Denmark and Norway. Special Seal(s) / Color / Format:Booklet Old versions have a red/burgundy cover, handwritten biodata, and manual signatures and stamps. Its unclear yet whether a US decision to lift the FTO designation of the IRGC will erase the stigma of having served in the organization as far as US immigration is concerned (separate financial sanctions on the IRGC will remain). In the past, a consistent weakness of the armed forces had been the high illiteracy rate among conscripts and volunteers. Discrimination and Violence Against Sexual Minorities in Iran. The International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran and Small Media were unable to provide information for this Response. Fee: The reciprocity fee, also known as the visa issuance fee, you must pay. Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. Their dependents (spouse and children) accompanying or following to join them may be admitted in the "trade dependent" or "TD" category whether or not they possess Canadian or Mexican nationality. They, like less-educated conscripts, are often disciplined for minor infractions. N.d. UkraineAlert sources analysis and commentary from a wide-array of thought-leaders, politicians, experts, and activists from Ukraine and the global community. Men who were exempted before 1990 may not have been issued a card explaining why they were exempt. See 'NOTE' under Canadian reciprocity schedule regarding applicants of Iranian, Iraqi or Libyan nationality. Document Name:Govahiye Fot (Death Certificate). They could be prevented from holding a driver's license, running for elective office, registering property ownership, being put on the government payroll, or receiving a passport, in addition to being forced to pay fines and/or receive jail sentences. But the. Alternate Documents:Amended identity certificates that indicate an individuals correct marital status can be obtained. Effective February 24, 2023, the Implementation of Additional Sanctions Against Russia and Belarus Under the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and Refinements to Existing Controls rule (the "Russia/Belarus Rule") amends the EAR by:. Iranian soldier with his commander (1950s) Conscription was first introduced by Reza Shah in June 1925 and approved as law by the National Consultative Assembly. The bill was later modified in the 1980s after Iraqi dictator Saddam Husseins invasion of Iran in 1980; it states that its the duty of all Iranians to defend Irans independence and territorial integrity. By During the Vietnam War (1964-1973) 8,744,000 served, but by the time conscription ended in 1973, only a quarter of elligible males were actually being conscripted. being the only son of the family. "Shamsi to Gregorian Converter." Individuals may volunteer for active duty at age 16. Many applicants also submit titles and deeds to apartments and property. Al-Monitor reports that in December 2013, General Kamali indicated that Iran is "reviewing its policy of offering a reduction in service time for those who are married" (19 Dec. 2013). Under Iranian law, a designation as a homosexual or transsexual/transgender is considered to constitute a medical and psychological condition that warrants an exemption from compulsory military service. 19 December 2013. Those dismissed from mandatory military service due to their sexual orientation received special exemption cards indicating the reason for their dismissal. @media only screen and (min-device-width : 320px) and (max-device-width : 480px) { Both versions include a space for notes, death information, and where the registration office records any changes or corrections to the information in the document, such as a legal name change or a correction to the date or place of birth. Evidence suggests that those wishing to obtain an exemption on the grounds of their sexuality/gender identity have to undergo numerous humiliating physical and psychological tests and exams and provide intimate information regarding their life. 2014], XE. When major global news breaks, the Atlantic Councils experts have you covereddelivering their sharpest rapid insight and forward-looking analysis direct to your inbox. Of the three services, the air force fared best in this respect, as it had always done. You'll also get priority processing on your application. International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR). In a document sent to the DIRB by a representative of the Committee for Humanitarian Assistance to Iranian Refugees in New York, a non-partisan organization that performs advocacy work on behalf of Iranian refugees, the representative indicated that based on personal correspondence with former Iranians, a military exemption card or a military . Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). According to two sources, the length of service depends on the geographical location of the conscript (IHRDC 7 Nov. 2013; BBC 26 Dec. 2013). According to art. [Accessed 28 Mar. The decision to encourage women to join in the military effort may indicate an increasing demand for personnel or an effort to gain increased popu lar support for the Revolution. All pages of the document are required for immigrant visa processing. In 2007 the Basij had about 300,000 personnel, including 40,000 active personnel; they were authorized to carry small arms only. U.S. Women may volunteer but are exempt from military service (as of 2019). You need to apply for a visitor record to extend your visitor status. According to the US CIA World Factbook, recruitment age for the Law Enforcement Forces is 17 (ibid.). The birth certificate booklet and national identification card of the deceased (if available); The birth certificate of the deceaseds spouse (if applicable); and. [Accessed 20 Mar. Thus far, this regulation is expected to be in effect up to 04/11/1390 [24 January 2012 ( 28 Mar. Further and corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. IranSource 2.3 Postponed Service and Reduced Service. Men who refuse military service and do not have an exemption are ineligible for government jobs and are furthermore not hired for high-paying jobs. Older cards include detailed biographical information such as blood type, hair color, weight, height, eye color, physical defects, and sometimes level of education. According to a 2020 survey from 6Rang, nearly 63 percent of Iranian LGBTQ people reported experiencing violence perpetrated by their nuclear family. Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. According to General Kamali, current conscripts and people who will be serving by the end of the year, which is 20 March 2014, will not be affected by the extension of service. It was considered that by allowing them to leave, the authorities were thereby getting rid of dissent. 2014], _____. According to a 7 July 2011 report by LANDINFO, Norway's Country of Origin Information Centre, religious minorities "are called in for military service on an equal basis with other Iranians, but are barred from making a military career" (Norway 7 July 2011, 6). The IHRDC says that "physicians charged with administering these evaluations likely recommended that these individuals seek exemption on the basis of transsexuality, not homosexuality, because of the Iranian government's more lenient attitude towards the former in contrast to the latter" (7 Nov. 2013). MENASource offers the latest news from across the Middle East, combined with commentary by contributors, interviews with emerging players, multi-media content, and independent analysis from fellows and staff. 2014], _____. U.S. DEPARTMENT of STATE BUREAU of CONSULAR AFFAIRS. No S visa may be issued without first obtaining the Department's authorization. Treatment of People Who Refuse Military Service. Every year about 580,000 men reach conscription age of 18 years for compulsory military service; 16 years of age for volunteers; 17 years of age for Law Enforcement Forces; 15 years of age for Basij Forces (Popular Mobilization Army). Temporary marriages (sigheh or ezdevaj-e movaghat) are religious marriages that are entered into for a specific period of time. Check carefully whether this total is listed in Iranian rials or tomans (one toman is ten rials), and check the conversion rate as the total in dollars is often an incorrect. Two witnesses are required. ; US 26 Feb. 2014). However, Al Jazeera indicates that the recruitment age is 19 (Al Jazeera 24 Apr. In the case of the IRGC, a clean-shaven face could result in three days of extra service time, as I was told by a number of friends who were drafted by the IRGC. Under the pre-revolutionary law, temporary or permanent exemptions were provided for the physically disabled, hardship cases, convicted felons, students, and certain professions. Comments:Military service completion and exemption cards and reliable English translations are readily available in Iran. "Compensated Living Kidney Donation in Iran: Donor's Attitude and Short-Term Follow-up." Diplomatic Sales Tax Exemption Cards The Department's Office of Foreign Missions (OFM) issues diplomatic tax exemption cards to eligible foreign missions and their accredited members and dependents on the basis of international law and reciprocity. On April 4, 1981, eight F-4 Phantom fighter bombers conducted a daring airstrike on three airbases deep inside Iraqi territory. This effectively barred any Iranian who had served in the IRGCconscript or otherwisefrom entering the United States. Further and corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. G-4 and G-5 applicants are not required to apply at U.S. Embassy Bern or U.S. Embassy Vienna. According to Al-Monitor, men who refuse military service and do not have an exemption are "ineligible" for government jobs and are furthermore "not hired for high-paying jobs" (19 Dec. 2014). And you need to apply to the embassy for an "exit stamp" (mohr e khorooj) . 24 April 2012. "Iran." First, it separated homosexuality from transsexuality and no longer categorized transsexuality as a form of sexual perversion, and transsexuals were thus afforded the right to permanent military exemption. Email:, Document Name:Shenasnameh (Birth certificate or identity certificate), Issuing Authority:National Organization of Civil Registration. Desertion is punishable by two to 12 months' imprisonment in case the deserter surrenders himself to the authorities. Denying so many young men the chance to pursue their dreams for crimes they didnt commit deprives the United States of their potential contribution and is at odds with the ideals on which the United States was founded. For those who live in the country, paying to avoid military service has not always been offered". There are reports that the Mandean/Ahwaz minority in the South-West of the country are forced to perform military service despite their pacifist religious beliefs and are consequently fleeing the country in large numbers. According to Commander Kamali, the eight-year rule also applies to military deserters and university students who were exempt from the national service while in school but had quit their studies without informing the draft registration office. Document Name:Kart-e Shenasayi-e Melli; or Kart-e Melli (National Card), Issuing Authority:National Organization for Civil Registration. This gain was also reflected in the regular armed forces. If you wish to remain on, click the "cancel" message. [Accessed 25 Mar. [Accessed 13 Mar. A 14 October 2008 article by Agence France-Presse (AFP) reports that, according to the state-run Fars News Agency, General Kamali stated that military service would be reduced by 1 to 2 months, adding "the term was 17 monthsand now it has been cut to 16 months." The IHRDC states this exemption is for "a man who is the only male in the family and his father is over 65 years old" (IHRDC 7 Nov. 2014). Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. Special Seal(s) / Color / Format:White booklet with handwritten data. 2) Exemption from military service is available on several grounds. However, all other applicants with U.S. Government sponsorships, including other J-visa applicants, are subject to the MRV processing fee. Individuals who have a handicap or suffer from a certain illness and are thus not in a complete state of health, however yet well capable of carrying out non-combat/military-related services in offices. 2014], Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases. Those who due to handicaps or mental and/or physical illnesses are permanently unable to be drafted for mandatory service period. 2014], _____. 2014). New military ID cards list the subsection of the law dictating their exemption on their ID cards, which identifies them as gay or transgender and puts them at risk of physical danger and. (US 26 Feb. 2014). 7 November 2013. Expansion and Clarification of Export Controls Targeting Russia and Belarus. Iran now has a largely conscripted force with limited military training and little combat experience. About 80 percent of army personnel are conscripts, as are 60 percent of the Revolutionary Guards; navy and air force personnel are mainly volunteers. The IRGC is made up of about 190,000 active personnel at any given timethe majority of whom were conscripted. Exemptions from compulsory military service are in case of: After the post-election political turmoil in the summer of 2009 it appeared as if the Iranian Government has eased the requirements to allow people to leave the country in the sense that a young man wishing to leave the country before having completed his military service is able to deposit a bond of 12,000 USD and be allowed travel abroad for study. Police records are not required for immigrant visa applicants because posts cannot verify them. Management: (+9821)66707131-9 [Accessed 13 Mar. Ben Piven. Validity Period: This generally means the visa is valid, or can be used, from the date it is issued until the date it expires, for travel with that visa. There are many reasons a man could be exempted, including, but not limited to, payment in lieu of service, medical reasons, being the only son in his family, having elderly parents, and having a brother currently serving in the military. Original and photocopy of the Certificate of Completion of Military Service or Exemption from Service, or filling out Formno.104 for granting permission to exit once a year (for those required to do Military service and those born after 1338 (1959) who have not yet done their service and are not in possession of any Exemptions and have left the Master and bachelor graduates will serve 8 and 6 months lesser respectively. Alternate Documents:There are no alternate documents. Registration Criteria:Divorce is permitted on various grounds, including: mental illness; disabilities interfering with conjugal relations; husbands inability or unwillingness to provide financial support; husbands bad behavior; husbands incurable disease constituting risk to the wife; husbands desertion; husbands conviction for a dishonorable crime; husbands infertility or contraction of a sexually transmitted disease; polygamy without consent; and other circumstances where continuation of marriage constitutes proven difficulty or hardship for wife. Management Fax: (+9821)66709333 N.d. "IFOR Mission." U.S. Visa: Reciprocity and Civil Documents by Country. Given the tens of thousands of Iranians whom the IRGC drafted over the years, its likely that many have relatives who are part of the large Iranian diaspora in the United States. According to the IHRDC, "in general males are expected to serve for a period of 20 months" and "[f]or service in impoverished areas, the duration can last 24 months while service in boundary areas can last 22 months" (7 Nov. 2013). However, when a Baha'i marries a person from any other religion, the identity documents may not indicate the marriage. Issuing Authority:National Organization of Registration of Documents and Property (Sazman-e Sabt-e Asnad va Amlak-e Keshvar). They must report at a specific date to the headquarters of the Law Enforcement Department of the drafta unit of the Iranian policewhich is in charge of paperwork and summoning draftees for service. "Currency Converter." Sina Azodi. 2014)]. 30 June 2009. Depending on their field, those with higher education can end up with higher-status duties. However, the non-Canadian national dependent of a Canadian "TN", unless otherwise exempt from the visa requirement, must obtain a "TD" visa before attempting to enter the United States. 26 December 2013. Exceptions:Copies of certificates containing the Bureaus authentication of the notarys signature can be obtained if the name and number of the notary registering the marriage or divorce are known. Iranian medical exemption laws for military service are indications of legal discrimination against homosexual and transsexual people in Iran. This exemption is for a man who is the only male in the family and his father is over 65 years old. N.d. "About Us." [Accessed 20 Mar. Draftees were then given paperwork telling them to show up atone of Tehrans bus terminals two days later to be sent to boot camp. This means a temporary marriage would not disqualify an alien from a K-1 fianc (e) visa and would not be considered a marriage for determining whether an alien meets the definition of child (under 21 and unmarried). This reflected the country-wide illiteracy rate, which stood at 60 percent in 1979. A T-1 applicant must be physically present in the United States, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or a U.S. port of entry, where he/she will apply for an adjustment of status to that of a T-1. This website or its third-party tools use cookies, which are necessary for its functioning and required to achieve the purposes illustrated in the cookie policy. In the United States by the year 2018, obesity was among other shortcomings such as physical fitness deficiencies and lack of a high school diploma that disqualified about 70% of 17-to-24-year-olds from serving. I have no Iranian passport and nationality anymore. Joint Report from the Danish Immigration Service, the Norwegian Landinfo and Danish Refugee Council's Fact-finding Mission to Tehran, Iran, Ankara, Turkey and London, United Kingdom. Comments:Available but unreliable. Procedure for Obtaining: There is no procedure for obtaining. At that time every male person who had reached 21 years old must serve in the military for 2 years. [Accessed 20 Mar. According to the IHRDC, Article 33, paragraph 8 of the regulatory code that governs medical exemptions from military service notes that "'moral and sexual deviancy, such as transsexuality'" is considered to be grounds for a medical exemption (19 June 2013). (Denmark Feb. 2013, 70). Some indicate why the cardholder was exempted from military service. Except as noted below, the number of entries, fees and validity for non-Canadian or non-Mexican family members of a TN status holder seeking TD visas should be based on the reciprocity schedule of the TN principal alien.